January 12, 2013
We had one day to visit Brownsville. The old town portion is just like a border town on the Mexico side. Cheap goods and people hawking as you leave their shops, or not. Small Mexican restaurants with hand written signs. The store keepers struggle with English because most of their customers speak Spanish. That is a slap-dash impression, obviously, since we didn’t visit a great many places. But, it is colorful, and lively and fun.
Texas became a state in 1854. Our lasting impression of Texas is embodied in cowboys, gunfights, cattle drives, branding and bandits. The Lower Rio Grande flew seven different flags, Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederacy, Republic of the Rio Grande, and United States. It’s true history is of revolution and war; multiple skirmishes with Mexico over borders and control. Visitors can visit unimpressive battlefields like Palmito Ranch and Palo Alto, and more visually impressive Fort Brown, located on the University of Texas at Brownsville. But the whole story is told in the Brownsville Historical Association complex of a museum and the furnished house of Charles Stillwell, Brownsville’s founder.
It seems there has always been a military presence around Brownsville.
Almost all politics and city decisions were made at Crixell’s Bar. No women allowed, of course. And, founder, Stillwell was not unlike our modern-day CEO’s. He grabbed land, bought interests in every thriving enterprise and became wealthy beyond reason, but always wanted more, more,more while the common people grumbled, went to work and kept them going. Of course, the elites made the laws that forever kept the common people working and prevented them from making the land grabs Stillwell and the other mega-ranch owners got while opportunity was ripe.
People worked in the silver mines, they farmed, and did all building and manual labor.
A local photographer made his living photographing the people of Brownsville. Here are some samples
In his best clothes, he reported to the studio.
The huge skirts and decoration mean she was a woman of means.
This barefoot boy of color with what looks like a pipe in his hand and mouth? The photographer was known for photographing people of the streets.
The Museum had a huge section on Mexican governors and Presidents.
Boy soldiers were not unusual in Mexican armies. Mexican women also followed their men into battles to feed and cook for them, and sew and mend and give comfort to them.
Faces of the revolution. The strong lighting and glass makes picture-taking difficult in museums.
This one of a kind, German built MAN automobile was built like a tank for a soon to be president who didn’t make it. After his lost bid, it was sealed behind a brick wall, never to be seen for many, many years. After that it has had two owners before the museum acquired it.
The death photo of Zapata.
This drawing depicts something in which I have a small connection. A woman from my neighboring Tuolumne County claimed, “I am here because of a single white bean.” She went on to tell her story of her grandfather being among Santa Anna”s prisoners when he ordered every tenth Texan killed. According to her, he couldn’t afford to feed all of his prisoners. The prisoners dipped into a pot of beans. If they drew a white bean, they were saved, a black bean they were shot. People doubted the story was true, even from our historical society. I never doubted for a minute. And, here, Proof, it really happened.
It is a well done museum and very worth visiting.
The Stillwell House next to the Museum is very richly furnished with an eye to authentic detail.
The family history is enmeshed with the political and economic map of the area,very well done and interesting. Do visit, there are many surprises here.
Not far away, is a costume and childrens museum. They are near the zoo and close to Highway 77 /83 if you go. The Costume Museum is only one room, jammed full of Mexican folk clothing. They make the point, something I’ve learned from visting other countries, that various villages had a traditional dress and everyone dressed that way, everyday. The colorful clothing, the beautiful handwork, embroidery and designs were dazzling. All new stuff, beautifully done. I would loved to have seen it in a bigger room with bigger areas of separation. It only cost $2 each for us to look. The children’s museum is in the same building and she invited us to view it too.
About each village is a small history.
I could have spent more time here, but it is enjoyable even at 20 minutes.
This antique piece, a wedding, a festival costume, and day of the dead display were depicted as well.
We reported back to the Motor Home at the VFW, and enjoyed the company of “friends” for a couple of hours. Another good weather day.,
August 16, 2011
Yesterday, our goal was to move to Leavenworth on the east side of the Cascades. A change of plans came as Jim studied the book and called Ford dealerships to learn all he could about transmissions. He settled on one of two transmission shops. The fix has waylaid us until we can get the Bronco repaired. I’m returning to my China Journal and pictures.
We left the restaurant and enjoyed the street scenes as we walked to our bus. This cute family was mobbed by we tourists. The wooden stroller is unusual to us and the boy in the middle with a bamboo backpack as well. Remember that you can click on any of these pictures to make them larger and see better detail.
I’ve seen pictures of the Great Wall and thought of it as a smooth brick-like roadway. Up close, it is anything but smooth. Rugged, overpowering, stupendous, jagged, uneven, crooked, weathered. The section we visited is from 1400 A.D. The wall was started in 200 B.C. We are told the Chinese archeologists just discovered 500 kilometers more of rammed earth wall base previously unknown.
The soldiers/laborers who built it had varying skill. This rough,crooked stairway leads to one of the “guardhouses” that were built at regular intervals along the miles of wall. I had no idea the wall was manned. I thought just the height and steepness of it kept out intruders. The wall in various forms stretches over 5,000 miles.
The camera cannot take in the unbelievable reality of this wall undulating up and down the surrounding mountains for as far as the eye can see. It graces every mountain crest on China’s Mongolian border.
Numerous gates and exits allowed the soldiers and their families to go for water, tend their gardens, and hunt for food and gather wood. The guardhouses where they lived had very little privacy, no toilet or washing facilities, no doors and no windows, only openings that allowed the cold air to enter. Life in the guardhouses only sheltered them from rain and snow. Many stations were miles and miles from civilization.
Only some sections of the wall are maintained. In places, the bricks have fallen, have heaved and cracked or become overgrown with vegetation. The cost of maintaining the wall is enormous and thus neglected. Here we see the drainage system that carries water away from the walkway.
On the Chinese side of the wall are remnants of fruit trees and gardens. The fruit trees have self seeded. On the enemy side of the wall, soldiers kept all vegetation cleared for 30 feet out from the wall so no enemy could approach unseen.
Seeing the Great Wall was worth the whole trip. We walked about a mile from one station to another and another. We met a couple with two children, all burdened with backpacks. They camped and walked the great wall for two weeks and saw many exciting sections that we on tours cannot see during our limited visit. I had no idea that camping on the great wall was an option.
Visiting the Great Wall was an emotional and unforgettable experience for me. Wikipedia has more precise information about the great wall.